Peas

Peas (pisum sativum) are grown either for combining dry seed (combining peas) or harvesting fresh as a vegetable or for freezing (vining peas).

See the PGRO Online Pulse Agronomy Guide for useful information on how to grow combining peas and vining peas.

Combining peas (Pisum sativum) are a valuable break crop. The produce is mostly used for human consumption or as a high protein component of pet and livestock feeds.

The first step in planning a pea crop is to decide upon the intended market. Many types of high quality peas are suitable for a range of premium markets, but all types are suitable for animal feeds.

Current marrowfat human consumption varieties are relatively lower yielding and they are often more expensive to produce - but they can command a high premium price.

Most varieties of peas grown in the UK are white flowered, a small area of coloured flowed 'Maple' varieties are grown for pigeon feed. All varieties of white flowered peas are suitable for premium markets but can also be used for animal feed. These are further classified on the current PGRO Descriptive List into yellows (whites), greens (large & small blues) and marrowfats.

 

 

 

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As the UK's centre of excellence for peas and beans, the PGRO has a long and highly valued track record of providing authoritative, up to date information and project work based on solid, reliable research.

Some symbiotic or free-living microorganisms can fix inert di-nitrogen (N) from the air into reactive organic nitrogenous compounds.  Most biological N fixation (BNF) in farming systems occurs in the root nodules of legumes where rhizobium bacteria take photosynthates from the plant in exchange for fixing atmospheric N and returning ammonium or amides which the plant uses to form amino acids, proteins, etc.   Plants need more N than any other nutrient and N commonly limits plant growth in many ecosystems. 

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Legume is the commonly used name for the family of flowering plants, Fabaceae. Any plant in the Fabaceae family that has leaves, stems and pods are referred to as a Legume.

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Field beans (vicia faba) are a widely grown break crop across the UK on around 170,000 ha. 

PGRO have conducted trials testing a range of biostimulants on spring beans, vining peas and combining peas in seasons from 2018 to 2021.

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Innovative Farmers, as part of their involvement in the Horizon Europe LEGUMINOSE project we will be setting up trials with Reading University to look at the benefits of intercropping in arable rotations.

It’s worth reflecting on why we export most of the pulse crop we produce in the UK, or simply fee

At present, we are leaders in the spring field bean market, including varieties such as Lynx, Vertigo, Fanfare and newer varieties including Yukon, Macho and Victus. We also have competitive oilseed rape varieties, for example Clubroot resistant varieties Crome and Croozer, HEAR OSR varieties including Resort and Ergo, all of which help the UK farmer to maximise their yield.  

This Topic doesn't yet have a Stewarded summary, but connected groups, content and organisations show below. Click the 'Ask to Join' button if you would like to be a Steward for this Topic and provide a summary of current knowledge and recommend useful resources, organisations, networks and projects. "Like" this Topic if you would like to see it prioritised for providing a wikipedia style summary.   Branston are creating a potato derived protein product.

Scientia potentia est: knowledge is power. But understanding empowers. The purpose of the Legume Hub is to empower all interested in the development of legume crop production and use by providing access to validated knowledge. It is a platform dedicated to sharing knowledge and successful practices across value chains, from plant breeding, on-farm activities, through to processing and consumption.

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The pea crop is a grain legume, which produces a high protein feed for animal or human nutrition.

Peas are a very important crop to growers as they provide a valuable spring sown break crop which supplies product for processing, seed, food and feed uses.

The study measured the N available after spring-sown peas, field beans or autumn sown cereals in eastern England and the subsequent response of winter wheat to fertiliser nitrogen.  

Pea and bean weevil (also called pea leaf weevil) is a particular risk to spring-sown peas and beans.

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Measurements of N2O were made using static flux chambers for a 24 month period from sowing to 12 months after harvest.

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Pea moth is one of the most damaging pea pests in this country and in Europe.

Among legume crops, forage peas and field beans show the most symptoms of legume fatigue.

This guidance documents provides advice on IPM measures for pulses insect pests and diseases.

The ADAS soils and nutrients team will share and discuss results from our recent cover crop research with Affinity Water, Anglian Water, and Portsmouth Water.

This allows for a good exchange of services between these two crops, as the peas provide nitrogen to the cropping system while the wheat acts as a support for the pea.

A project run by ADAS and HMC Peas, under a programme of and funded by the European Space Agency. The project aims to use satellite imagery to estimate final yield of vining peas, to maximise the efficiency and profitability of harvest and processing. The project runs from September 2023 to May 2024.

To grow pulses successfully growers and their advisors need access to sound information and expert agronomic advice.

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Really useful guide from PGRO on the decisions to make when growing combining peas.

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