Wheat field

Wheat is the mostly wide grown crop in the UK. Nationally yields average around 8 t/ha/

About half of the wheat grain produced in the UK is used for animal feed; about one-third is used for milling into bread and biscuit flour. Some is used for grain distilling for whisky, potable alcohol and bioethanol.

The vast majority of wheat sown in the UK is winter wheat; just 2-5% of wheat is sown in spring.

Wheat is the mainstay of many arable rotations. The greatest area of wheat is sown after a non-cereal break crop (OSR, Beans, sugar beet) though a sizeable area is grown as a second wheat, with much less grown as third wheat or continuous wheat. 

For every tonne of wheat sold a levy of 63p?? is collected by AHDB to conduct marketing, research and knowledge exchange on behalf of growers. Current prices for wheat grain can be found on the AHDB website here.

AHDB conducts extensive trials each year to evaluate the best wheat varieties, culminating in the Recommended List. 

The Wheat Growth Guide gives a quantitative overview of how wheat develops and grows in the UK, using a range of benchmarks compatible with a crop yielding 11 t/ha.



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Orange wheat blossom midge can seriously damage yield and quality of susceptible wheat varieties but it depends on whether the egg-laying adult females emerge at the time when the wheat is at the at risk growth stage. Adults are small (1.5-2.5 mm long) and are a very distinctive bright orange colour.

  The flour milling industry plays a vital role in feeding and nourishing the nation – flour is an ingredient in 30% of supermarket foods. UK Flour Millers is proud of the part it plays in ensuring the industry continues to operate efficiently and reliably so that everyone can enjoy their daily bread. 

The AHDB Recommended Lists for cereals and oilseeds (RL) publications and resources provide information on yield and quality performance, agronomic features and market options to assist with variety selection.

Rapid crop disease detection. SwiftDetect can reveal the level of disease in your crop even in the latent period, with results in 1 business day.

The major commodity crops in the UK are wheat, barley, oilseed rape, field beans, sugar beet and potatoes, but around half of agricultural land grows grass.   

A network of farmers working with JIC and Harper Adams to test a promising wheat line from the Watkins collection which potentially has resistance to slugs. 

Arable crops in the UK make up just under half of the farmed area (3.9M ha out of 9M ha)

Yellow rust is an important economic disease of wheat. Often occurring more in the east of the UK and areas with mild winters and cool, damp summer weather. Yellow rust produces rows of yellowish orange pustules on leaves of plants. As a result green leaf area available for photosynthesis is reduced, reducing yields.

The Claydon Opti-Till® System, is a holistic approach to crop establishment which delivers consistent, high yielding crops at low cost, providing maximum profitability. At the centre of Opti-Till® Seed Drilling System is the Claydon direct strip Hybrid drill, with its unique leading tine technology.

At the root of all the best seed varieties.

Triticale is a cross between wheat and rye. It has been shown to be a high yielding relatively low input crop that can do well in second cereal and less fertile conditions, but its adoption is hampered by lack of a reliable consistent market.

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The Wheat Bulb Flu (Delia coarctata) is a small fly - the larvae (grubs) burrow in stems and cause tillers to die (dead-heart damage symptoms).

The Wheat Growth Guide was first published in 1999, following extensive measurement of a range of

The AHDB Recommended Lists for cereals and oilseeds (RL) publications and resources provide infor

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International Wheat & Maize Improvement Centre

Co-ordinating Global Wheat Research

Guide produced by Roger Sylvester-Bradley for AHDB in 2009, setting out the best practice approac

This comprehensive textbook will serve as a go-to reference work for young research

Project report from FERA (James Rainford, Glyn Jones, Roy Macarthur & David Garthwaite) for D

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