The EU's Common Agriculture Policy has had a profound impact on agriculture and land use across Europe in recent decades. Since Brexit in the UK the Agriculture Bill sets out a different approach for farmers in England, with promised measures to support sustainable farming practices, support for new technologies and innovations, funding for R&D to support new farming practices and programmes to help farmers adapt to climate change and transition.
The EU is developing a Farm to Fork strategy as part of its Green Deal with the aim of making the EU food system more sustainable and healthy. It aims to:
- reduce the use of pesticides and chemicals in agriculture
- promote sustainable farming practices like agroecology and organic farming,
- support development of regional food systems and short supply chains
- encourage the consumption of healthy and sustainable diets, including more plant-based foods
- Reduce food waste and promoting the use of food waste as a source of energy and fertilizer
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